時間：2022年05月12日（星期四）14:10 – 16:00
報告題目：Measurement in Quantitative Science and Psychology: A Discussion
Psychology as a rational science relies upon quantitative methods; mathematical and statistical procedures are used extensively in psychological research. Well defined measurement theories are the prerequisites of sound quantitative methods. In proposing to use quantitative methods in the measurement of mental or attributes, psychology is logically committed to fulfill said prerequisites. Contrary to other rational sciences such as physics, psychology employees a different set of measurement concepts, the most influential concept being Stevens’ definition. While Stevens’ definition allows the performance of mathematical operations on psychological measurements, it may lead to inconsistent statistical tests, and discrepancies between quantitative and empirical relations. The presentation attempts to reexamine the concept and definition of measurement in quantitative science and psychology, using examples to illustrate the potential pitfalls of psychological research. Relevant theories and challenges to psychology will also be discussed.
報告題目：“Jen-yuan” in Chinese society: An exploration of the concept and the construction of its scale
The purpose of this study is to explore the connotation of Chinese views on “Jen-Yuan” （人緣）. It is found that “Jen-yuan” is manifested in maintaining horizontal and vertical interpersonal relationships, but it has ever been no systematic research on this issue, and there is still a lack of sufficient measurement tool to measure this concept. Before developing the “ Jen-yuan Scale”, it is necessary to conduct pilot research on this topic, and find out the measurement items that are sufficient to describe the Chinese concept of “Jen-yuan” and build a social network model. According to the purpose of this research, three types of text data were collected as the source of items for constructing the scale: First, collect words and sentences describing “Jen-yuan” in dictionaries; second, conduct an open-ended questionnaire survey for 100 college
students and 100 people of a community; third, compile sentences related to “Jen-yuan” from Google search articles and PTT Bulletin Board System. Then, comply the general text mining procedure for this text data. The key words related to “Jen-yuan” from the research results at this stage are divided into positive and negative questions according to the sentiment score, corresponding to the classification of horizontal and vertical connection relationships in the Chinese interpersonal network, used as the vertically item pool for the subsequent development of the scale.